Modern wrist watches, such as Armani Australia watches, evolved from the first European spring based mechanical clocks that began to appear in the fifteenth century. The watch was first invented in the sixteen hundreds on the basis of ideas pioneered by Dutch horologist, mathematician, and scientist Christiaan Huygens. There are two competing yet similar proposed etymologies for the English word ‘watch’. One idea is that the name was taken by the habit of town watch men to time their shifts with portable clocks. Another is that sailors would use watches to tell when it was time to swap duties, or ‘watches’. The earliest watches had only an hour hand – they were too inaccurate, losing or gaining hours per day, to tell time to the closest minute. The balance spring, invented either by Christiaan Huygens or Robert Hooke, greatly improved the accuracy of portable clocks to within about ten minutes variance per day, close enough to make it possible to tell the time to the closest minute on a watch.
While Nixon watches on sale are today renowned for the design and fashion appeal, until the nineteen twenties wrist watches were not quite fashionable. Men in particular preferred to carry pocket watches, because wrist watches were seen as excessively dainty and fussy for a self respecting gentleman in Victorian times – incidentally, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, the same was thought of lunch. Wrist watches became intensely fashionable following the use of wrist watches by the many soldiers slaughtered in the first World War. From the year 1917, all men enlisting in the British armed forces were issued wrist watches designed to withstand the rigours of the brutal and bloody trench warfare that characterised the first World War by the British War Department, and this led to the dispelling of the previously feminine conception of the wrist watch rather than the pocket watch.
While the British were the first nation to specialise in watch making, but the firms made the mistake of excessively targeting the premium, upper class end of the market and were surpassed by first the Swiss firms, such as Tissot watches, and later by the Japanese firms. Today, the luxury segment of the wrist watch market is primarily dominated by the famous Swiss watch making firms, while the cheaper quartz wrist watch market is targeted mostly by Japanese companies, which often may manufacture in China. Interestingly, cheaper quartz wrist watches are likely to be more accurate by a factor of ten than expensive luxury wrist watches that are based upon a mechanical time keeping device. However, because watches are primarily worn today for their fashion appeal rather than just to tell the time, this often does not matter to the owners of high class premium luxury watches, which they have purchased for their prestige and aesthetic appeal rather than to necessarily tell the time with exact precision.